Many families choose private domestic adoption because it provides a direct path to adopting a baby in Arizona. Have you considered infant adoption in Arizona?
Adopting an infant in Arizona is a detailed endeavor. Understanding your options and requirements for private adoption is easier with guidance from adoption professionals. To speak with a private domestic adoption professional, visit this link. To contact someone about placing a child for adoption, click here.
This guide will provide answers you are seeking about private adoption in Arizona. By reading more, you’ll learn what domestic adoption in Arizona is, who chooses it, how to adopt a baby in Arizona, and which professionals can assist you.
What is Private Domestic Adoption in Arizona?
Private domestic adoption involves voluntary placement of a child in an adoptive home by the birth parents. If you’re interested in adopting a newborn in Arizona, you’re likely pursuing a private domestic adoption. It’s the only way that expectant birth parents can voluntarily place a child in an adoptive home.
Opportunities for private adoption in Arizona are determined before a child is born. Adoption agencies help expectant birth parents find prospective adoptive families. The birth parents select the families they wish to adopt their child.
There are two types of private adoption in Arizona: agency-assisted and independent.
Agency-Assisted Private Adoptions
Some adoption agencies focus on arranging private domestic adoptions. They locate adoption opportunities and provide services to expectant birth mothers with prospective adoptive parents.
Private adoption agencies in Arizona work locally to promote adoptions, but there are also national private adoption agencies that work nationwide to create successful adoptions.
Private domestic adoption agencies in Arizona offer services beyond the initial connection. They arrange communication between the involved parties, and some offer resources like counseling to birth parents and adoptive families throughout the adoption process.
Working with an adoption professional is optional, and most families use an adoption agency to prevent disrupted adoptions.
Working with an agency also ensures that you’ll have the professional support needed during the complicated adoption process. All parties in a private domestic adoption in Arizona should consider working with an adoption agency because of the many benefits.
Independent Private Adoptions
There are also times when an independent adoption may be feasible. Independent Arizona newborn adoption occurs when no adoption agency is involved in a private adoption because the parties are already connected.
Though a full-service agency isn’t needed for an independent adoption, other professionals will be needed when adopting a newborn in Arizona. For example, a professional home study agency must conduct the required home study. An adoption attorney is also necessary to handle the legal requirements for domestic adoption in Arizona.
Who Chooses Private Domestic Adoption in Arizona?
For families that wish to adopt an infant from within the U.S., private domestic adoption in Arizona is the best option. Private domestic adoption in Arizona provides built-in benefits for all parties involved.
Reasons that families may want to adopt an infant in Arizona include:
- Infertility: Some couples dream of building a family together. Infertility can disrupt those plans. Fertility treatments are costly, and the results are uncertain. Some couples opt to adopt an infant through private domestic adoption in Arizona.
- Bonding with an infant: Some couples feel they will develop a stronger bond if the child is placed with them from birth. Most waiting children in foster care older than two, so the best route to adopt an infant is private adoption in Arizona.
- Preference for open adoption: Private domestic adoption in Arizona allows birth parents and adoptive families to experience open adoption.
How to Adopt a Baby in Arizona
If you want to adopt a baby in Arizona, you probably researched the private adoption process. You may have even found it complex and intimidating.
There’s a process that must be followed when adopting newborns in Arizona. Again, every adoption journey is unique, but these steps are common to many private adoptions.
Step 1: Find the Right Adoption Professional
Choosing an adoption professional is critical. Your private adoption agency in Arizona will be your advocate through the adoption process.
In an independent adoption, you don’t need full-service newborn adoption agencies in Arizona. You just need a home study professional and an attorney.
Most potential adoptive families elect to adopt through a full-service agency that provides all services needed for a complete adoption. You can explore your local adoption agency options in the state of Arizona, or you can select an agency that works nationwide.
Below is a list of the types of adoption professionals used for private domestic adoptions in Arizona:
- Adoption attorneys and law firms: There are legal processes that must be completed to adopt, which makes adoption attorneys necessary.
- Home study providers: Home study providers perform the required adoption home studies before any private adoption in Arizona.
- National private adoption agencies: These adoption agencies search nationwide for adoption opportunities and arrange communication between expectant birth mothers and prospective adoptive families.
- Local private adoption agencies: Local agencies focus on state and local communities. Local agencies may offer more limited services than national agencies due to smaller staff sizes.
Step 2: Complete a Home Study
A home study is required prior to all private adoptions in Arizona. They’re conducted by licensed home study professionals.
Home studies are time-consuming because they must be thorough. They include not only a pre-placement study, but post-placement visits to evaluate the child’s adjustment to the adoptive home.
- Home inspection: A home study professional or social worker visits the home to assess its safety and your family dynamics. Your home study provider may give advice on how to childproof your home and improve safety.
- Document review: You’ll submit documents such as birth certificates, health records, marriage licenses, financial records and other legal paperwork. There must be a background check on everyone in the home over 12.
- In-home interview: The home study professional or social worker conducts interviews with everyone in the household to ensure the environment for the adoptee will be healthy.
When the home study is done, your family becomes an active potential adoptive family. Your private adoption agency in Arizona can show your profile to expectant birth parents.
Step 3: Waiting for an Adoption Opportunity
Once the home study is done, you’ve begun your journey to private adoption in Arizona.
Expectant birth parents looking to place a child through infant adoption in Arizona choose the best adoptive parents for their child. When you are chosen, you’ll be presented with an adoption opportunity. The best way to locate adoption opportunities is with assistance from private domestic adoption agencies in Arizona.
Your wait time is the period between becoming an active family and finding a match with an expectant birth mother. It can be brief or prolonged. Many factors influence the duration of wait time in a domestic infant adoption in Arizona.
Be flexible on a few key details to shorten your wait time. When you consult an agency, you’ll fill out a questionnaire detailing your adoption wishes. State any preferences you have but keep your requirements flexible.
Flexibility is important during your search for an expectant birth mother. But you also need to stay in your comfort zone. Don’t compromise on details that are important to you to shorten wait time. Instead, stay true to your priorities and seek other areas of flexibility.
Step 4: Contact Prior to Birth
Beginning communication prior to birth is important for all involved parties. Different types of private infant adoption in Arizona feature differing levels of contact. The primary concern is that everyone involved is comfortable.
There are three types of private domestic infant adoption in Arizona, distinguished by the level of contact between the expectant birth mother and prospective adoptive family. Those kinds of private adoption in Arizona include:
- Closed adoption, with no contact between the birth parents and the adoptive parents
- Open adoption, in which there is frequent contact before and after the child’s birth
- Semi-open adoption, which is neither totally open nor totally closed and is mediated by an adoption professional
Closed adoptions are rare, with open and semi-open private adoptions in Arizona being more common. That’s because open and semi-open adoptions have important benefits for everyone involved.
Step 5: Birth and Placement
In any private adoption in Arizona, the hospital stay is an emotionally charged time for all involved parties.
Birth parents may feel they’ve made the right decision by placing their child, but meeting the birth can bring up powerful emotions. The adoptive family may struggle with feelings of joy mixed with sorrow for the birth family.
The birth mother has rights that must be respected during the birth. Adoptive parents need to be sensitive and flexible. The best plans can change, so adoptive parents should understand the emotional landscape at birth and accommodate the birth mother’s wishes.
After the birth, the birth mother must consent to the private adoption in Arizona. Arizona adoption law mandates that the adoption papers cannot be signed until 72 hours after birth. In some cases, the rights of the birth father are terminated prior to birth.
When the adoption papers are signed by the birth mother, her parental rights are terminated. The adoptive parents take physical custody of the child. Permanent custody rights are granted later by a judge’s decree at the finalization hearing.
Step 6: Post-Placement and Finalization of Private Adoption in Arizona
In Arizona, post-placement visits to the adoptive home are required in the first 90 days after placement. The first post-placement visit occurs within a week of placement.
A total of three post-placement visits are performed during the 90-day period following placement. After six months, your attorney will schedule a finalization hearing.
At this hearing, the details of your private adoption in Arizona are evaluated to ensure adoption laws were observed before finalization. If the child is a member of an Indigenous American tribe, the adoption must be cleared according to the Indian Child Welfare Act. If it’s an interstate adoption, it must satisfy requirements for interstate adoption required by the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children.
Once the adoption is deemed legal, the adoption decree will be signed by the judge and the private adoption in Arizona will be finalized at the end of the hearing.
Private Adoption Professionals in Arizona
Many private adoption agencies in Arizona are ready to help you reach your adoption goals. Here are a few of them, below:
National Private Domestic Adoption Agencies
Local Private Domestic Adoption Agencies
- ABC Infant Adoption and International Child Foundation
- Building Arizona Families
- Agape Adoption Agency of Arizona
- Adoption Choices of Arizona
- Premier Adoption Agency of Arizona
- Adoption Solutions of Arizona
- Arizona Baptist Children’s Association
- Arizona Children’s Association
Adoption Home Study Agencies
By adopting an infant in Arizona though private domestic adoption, you can fulfill your family expansion goals. Private domestic adoption agencies in Arizona can help you navigate the process.
To get more information about private domestic adoption in Arizona, visit this link and begin your adoption journey today.